Autism Symptoms

iStock_000007211055XSmallAutism affects people in different ways and some people experience more severe symptoms than others, which is why autism is associated with a spectrum. Autism can cause a variety of different symptoms and these can be grouped in different ways. Asperger’s syndrome, autism and other related disorders tend to develop during the childhood years. Common symptoms associated with autism include:

6-18 months

• Babies are not chatty.
• Babies do not smile or look happy when they see you.
• Babies do not follow your gaze or follow you around the room.
• Babies do not respond to familiar voices even though they respond to other noises.
• Babies do not make gestures, such as pointing their fingers.

Pre-school children

• Children have problems with speech and communication. They tend to struggle with words and may experience delayed language development. (Children with Asperger’s syndrome do not usually have problems with language.)
• Children may have very little interest in playing.
• Children may have little interest in making friends and they may appear confused when others talk to them. Sometimes it may appear like a child is looking straight through other people.
• Children usually develop repetitive patterns of behaviour, such as clicking their fingers or rocking backwards and forwards.

autism2School children

• Children tend to develop strict routines, which if disrupted causes them to become frustrated and anxious.
• Language difficulties.
• Difficulties with conversation and interactive activities.
• Children tend to show very little interest in popular toys, music and films.
• Difficulties with abstract subjects and concepts. Children tend to perform better in subjects that are based on facts and figures.

Adults

Adults with autism tend to suffer from the same symptoms as children, however, many of them learn to deal with their symptoms and gain a better understanding of the word around them and therefore their symptoms may appear to get better and they may feel more comfortable around other people. Many adults with autism prefer to stick to a routine and they are almost always more comfortable with familiar surroundings and people, than with unexpected situations and scenarios.

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