Healthy living

Three Top Ideas-1Healthy living has become an increasingly popular subject in the media in recent years. There has been an increase in the number of lifestyle, health and fitness publications and health related articles and pieces are included in press and magazines on a very regular basis. The focus on healthy living has encouraged many people to adopt a healthier lifestyle but there are still many people who suffer from illnesses as a direct result of their lifestyle.

Although this is not always the case, there is plenty of evidence to suggest that serious illnesses and health conditions, including obesity, heart disease, diabetes and strokes, are related to poor lifestyle choices. Obesity is usually associated with a poor diet and a lack of exercise; obesity is becoming an increasingly common problem and it is related to a host of other medical conditions, including an increased risk of heart attacks and heart disease, diabetes, organ failure and mental health problems.

Promoting healthy living

Health communication is designed to promote healthy living by raising awareness of the benefits of a healthy lifestyle and highlighting the risks associated with poor lifestyle choices. Campaigns and initiatives are focused on encouraging people to think about their own lifestyle and to make positive changes if this is necessary. Examples of ways of promoting healthy living include encouraging people to eat a healthy, balanced diet and urging people to do more exercise.

fruitsDiet

Diet plays an important role in general health; eating a healthy balanced diet contributes to good health, whilst eating a poor diet can contribute to health problems including deficiencies, obesity and related health issues and serious problems such as diabetes and heart disease. A healthy diet should contain a range of different foods including foods from each food group. Each food group has a different role and different foods contain different nutrients, vitamins and minerals. Try to eat at least 5 portions of fruit and vegetables each day and ensure that your meals include a mixture of complex carbohydrates, proteins and fats. Fats are essential but their intake should be monitored very closely. Try to avoid foods that are high in salt, sugar and saturated fat, such as cakes, crisps, biscuits, fried food and fast food. Good sources of fat include avocadoes, oily fish, olive oil and nuts.

Many people eat far more than they need and this contributes to weight gain. As a general guide, adult females should eat around 2000 calories per day and adult males should take in around 2500 calories per day. If you consume more than you burn off, you will put on weight and this can contribute to obesity.

Exercise

Exercise has an array of benefits for both mental and physiological health. Mental health benefits include:

  • reduces stress
  • reduces the risk of depression
  • increases self-esteem
  • instils ambition
  • sense of achievement
  • positive outlet for anger and frustration
  • makes you feel better and happier

fitness-10Physiological benefits of exercise include:

  • improved circulation
  • increases muscle strength
  • increases muscle tone
  • keeps body weight stable
  • improves flexibility
  • improves endurance and stamina
  • lowers blood pressure
  • decreased risk of serious diseases including heart disease and strokes
  • strengthens bones

Exercise also gives people the opportunity to get out of the house. meet new people and do something fun. Exercise does not have to involve a trip to the gym or hardcore training, it can involve a whole host of different activities from tennis, swimming or canoeing to playing football, rugby or hockey or doing an exercise or dance class.

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