Diabetic Retinopathy- A Big Harm to the Diabetics

eyelidsDiabetic Retinopathy is a state that occurs in those people who are having diabetes. It is a condition, which harms the retina and eventually leads to blindness. Diabetes is a disease which interferes with your body’s ability to store and use sugar, which may cause many health related issues. Large amount of sugar present in your blood can harm you whole body, including your eyes.  Diabetic Retinopathy is the outcome of damaged blood vessels that helps in nourishing your retina. They leak the fluids and blood which causes clouding of vision and also the swelling of retinal tissue. If you are having diabetes from a long time then your chances of developing the Diabetic Retinopathy will also increase. If it is not treated properly, then it may cause blindness also.

The symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy include blurred vision, difficulty in seeing properly at night time, having the dark spot at the middle of your vision, seeing spots in your vision field. Those people who are having diabetes from a long time, a large amount of sugar may lead to addition of the liquid in their lens that controls the eye focusing. This thing changes the curvature of their lens and as a result the symptom of blurred vision develops. If you are affected from this condition, then initially you will notice that there is no change in your vision but after sometime it started getting worse and may cause vision loss. It generally affects both eyes. Often there are no early warnings or signs of this condition, so it would be better for everyone who is having diabetes, to make an appointment with their doctor once a year to carefully examine their eyes.

surgery-2Diabetic Retinopathy’s treatment varies as it greatly depends on the extent of this disease. This can require laser surgery that helps in sealing the leaked blood vessels and also minimize the fresh leaky blood vessels. Medications and injections may also be needed which helps in decreasing the inflammation. Many cases require surgical process to replace and remove the gel like liquid at the back of the eye, called vitreous.  A retinal detachment, which is defined as a partition of light receiving lining at the back of your eye, can too need surgical repair.

Diabetic Retinopathy includes many risk factors in it. If you are having other medical problems like high cholesterol and high blood pressure, then there is a great possibility of developing this disease. People who are having type 1 and type 2 diabetes can face the diabetic retinopathy. The longer you have diabetes, the more chances of developing this disease will occur. Pregnant woman may also face a great risk of developing the diabetes and diabetic retinopathy. So, go for thorough check-up and in case you experience the symptom of this condition, contact reputed optometrist.