Thoracoscopy-Minimally Invasive Method

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Thoracoscopy is a medical term given to the method involved in examination or biopsy of diseases within the thoracic or pleural cavity. Samples from pleural cavity are collected for microscopic examination. Thoracoscopy is generally performed under the involvement of local anaesthesia. However, this is a very minimally invasive surgery. Very minute incision is done to carry out the biopsy.

Thoracoscopy procedure is a bit of complicated one. Let me explain before you the Thoracoscopy procedure in a brief manner:

After through supervision under a medical practitioner, Thoracoscopy is performed to a patient under the involvement of local anaesthesia. Although the procedure is a bit complicated one but it is still considered to be a safer choice in regard to biopsy involving lungs. 5-10 mm tubes are inserted into the pleural cavity to bring out samples of fluid and tissue for testing. The insertion of this tube is mainly done through skin near the lungs where several small incisions are carefully made. Local anaesthesia is sprayed before the incisions are made. The patient doesn’t feel any pain due to the spraying of local anaesthesia in that skin region. The tubes are inserted through the incisions but remember, specially made camera is inserted at the end of the tube that also goes with the tube inside your pleural cavity.

This camera helps the surgeons to view the inside of the lungs on video TV. Accordingly, the surgical instruments are inserted through the help of other incisions made. After the Thoracoscopy procedure is finished, tubes can be placed into the chest on a temporary basis to help drain the fluid and air from inside. After this procedure gets completed, then the incisions are closed with the help of stiches or through stapling procedure. Rigid high powered telescopes, electrocautery, cold light sources, and several other disposable and reusable components are used during the surgical Thoracoscopy procedure. Various video equipments are also present during the running of this procedure.

yoga-3If Thoracoscopy is performed at the hospital, then a patient can go home only after a period of maximum 4 days after the surgery has taken place. However, if chest tubes are inserted, then the patient cannot go home until these tubes are removed. After the patient goes back to his residential place, it is frequently advised that the patient perform brisk pace walking to continue the blood flowing inside the body at a normal pace and also to strengthen the muscles. The patient also should perform breathing exercises regularly. Avoidance of heavy strenuous activity like weight lifting, sexual intercourses etc. are suggested until the doctor permits.

Although Thoracoscopy is considered a reliable and safe choice but there several chances that result in complications of Thoracoscopy.  Some of the severe complications of Thoracoscopy include frequent and consistent bleeding, severe infection, frequent pains in the lung regions, and even careless cuts in lung Parenchyma. However, if proper and safe techniques and precautions are used, then the chances of these complications occurrence are very rare.

There are several other minimally invasive cardiac surgery procedures, but complications can happen even with the safest of mechanisms. After effects like minor infection on the skin, pain, and bleeding are common in most of the cardiac surgeries.